1279 BC Ramesses II, also known as Ramesses the Great becomes Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt (19th Dynasty)
1578 Martin Frobisher sails from Harwich, England, to Frobisher Bay, Canada. Eventually mines fools gold, famously used to pave the streets of London.
1902 Boer War Ends; Treaty of Unity signed, Britain annexes Transvaal
1910 Union of South Africa declares its independence from the United Kingdom
1916 Battle of Jutland: Largest naval battle of World War I between the British Grand Fleet and the German High Seas Fleet which killed 8,645 in an inconclusive battle but strategic British victory. German fleet never puts to sea again in WWI.
1935 7.7 magnitude earthquake hits Quetta in Balochistan, British Raj (Pakistan) killing an estimated 50,000 people
1947 Communists seize power in Hungary
1970 7.75 Ancash earthquake off coast of Peru kills 66-70,000 and sets off world's deadliest avalanche
May 31 in Film & TV
2014 Psy's "Gangnam Style" becomes the first video to reach 2 billion views on YouTube
May 31 in Music
2007 Rihanna releases her breakthrough album "Good Girl Gone Bad"
May 31 in Sport
1868 Dr James Moore (UK) wins 1st recorded bicycle race, (2k) velocipede race at Parc fde St Cloud, Paris
Did You Know?
Citing poor eyesight, English civil servant Samuel Pepys records the last event in his famous diary
On May 31, 1669
Walt Whitman (1819 - 1892)
Pius XI (1857 - 1939)
Clint Eastwood 90 Years Old
John Bonham (1948 - 1980)
Brooke Shields 55 Years Old
Colin Farrell 44 Years Old
Would You Believe?
The Who set the record for the loudest concert of all time, 120 decibels at 50 metres, at The Valley in Charlton
On May 31, 1976
1889 Pianist Ignacy Jan Paderewski (38) weds baroness Helena Maria Rosen
1919 1st wedding held in an aircraft (over Houston, Texas)
1991 Oldest bride - Minnie Munro, 102, weds Dudley Reid, 83, in Australia
1949 Actress Doris Day (27) divorces saxophonist George Weidler (23) after 3 years of marriage
2007 Actress Billie Piper and radio DJ Chris Evans divorce after 6 years of marriage
Joseph Grimaldi (1778 - 1837)
Elizabeth Blackwell (1821 - 1910)
Terry Sawchuk (1929 - 1970)
Jack Dempsey (1895 - 1983)
Chris Haney (1950 - 2010)
Cloak And Dagger World of Walter Raleigh
Sir Walter Raleigh's secret marriage to a lady-in-waiting was uncovered on this day. It ruined his career, but things were to get much worse.
May 31, 1592
Battle of Jutland
HMS Invincible on fire after being struck by shells from SMS Lützow and SMS Derfflinger
585 BC Solar eclipse, as predicted by Greek philosopher Thales, while Lydians at war with the Medes leads to a truce. One of the cardinal dates from which other dates calculated.
1431 Joan of Arc is accused of relapsing into heresy by donning male clothing again, providing justification for her execution
1588 Spanish Armada under the Duke of Medina-Sidonia departs Lisbon to invade England
1830 US President Andrew Jackson signs the Indian Removal Act, a key law leading to the forced removal of the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole tribes out of Georgia and surrounding states, setting the stage for the Cherokee Trail of Tears
1936 Alan Turing submits "On Computable Numbers" for publication, in which he set out the theoretical basis for modern computers.
1972 White House "plumbers" first break in at the Democratic National Headquarters at Watergate Complex in Washington, D.C.
May 28 in Film & TV
1951 Radio programme "Crazy People" (later titled The Goon Show) premieres on the BBC, created by Spike Milligan
May 28 in Sport
1742 1st indoor swimming pool opens (Goodman's Fields, London)
Did You Know?
Near Callander, Ontario, the Dionne quintuplets are born to Olivia and Elzire Dionne, later becoming the first quintuplets to survive infancy
On May 28, 1934
Selim II (1524 - 1574)
George I (1660 - 1727)
William Pitt the Younger (1759 - 1806)
Jim Thorpe (1887 - 1953)
Betty Shabazz (1940 - 1997)
Kylie Minogue 53 Years Old
Would You Believe?
Monkeys Able & Baker zoom 300 miles (500 km) into space on Jupiter missile, become 1st animals retrieved from a space mission
On May 28, 1959
1894 Belgium Princess Josephine marries Prince Karl von Hohenzollern
1948 Film director Stanley Kubrick (19) weds high school sweetheart Toba Metz
1954 "The Bad and the Beautiful" actor Kirk Douglas (37) weds producer Ann Buydens (24) at Sahara Hotel in Las Vegas
1533 The Archbishop of Canterbury voids the marriage of King Henry VIII of England and Anne Boleyn
2013 Actress Courteney Cox and actor David Arquette divorce after 13 years of marriage
Noah Webster (1758 - 1843)
John Russell (1792 - 1878)
Edward VIII (1894 - 1972)
Phil Hartman (1948 - 1998)
Maya Angelou (1928 - 2014)
Trail of Tears
The Trail of Tears, painting by Robert Lindneux, 1942
May 28, 1830
On Computable Numbers
On Computable Numbers, with an Application to the Entscheidungsproblem, by Alan Turing